Why don't children read?
Our children are different. They travel the world, make friends on social networks and chat on Skype with a girlfriend living in a neighboring house. It is difficult for them to explain what a gathering of a pioneer squad is and why scientists had to go for potatoes. There is so much in their life that we didn’t even dream about — we couldn’t even imagine! But we read books. But they are not.
THERE WAS A TIME
Almost every website or blog about children's reading uses the image of a child hiding under a blanket with a book and a flashlight. This is an illustration of our childhood with you, which we (mostly unsuccessfully) try to reproduce by becoming parents. But, it seems, she is as far from modern reality as admission to the pioneers. One 32-year-old girl laughs today, recalling how her mother forbade her to read for too long (“Do not get enough sleep!”) And even hid books (Zola and Maupassant) that were not suitable for her age, on the highest shelf. Of course, the forbidden fruit was even sweeter: the girl built a tower of stools and, risking her health, still got to the books. Now, any mom herself is ready to put almost any book into her hands - just read it. But ... no! Or maybe books are finally a thing of the past, and children are the first to feel it? An increasing amount of information, especially the one that is really interesting to a modern school student, comes through a TV, computer, and social networks. Yes, and such a time - fast, technological. But, as the name of the book says, which received in 2011 one of the prizes of the All-Russian contest "Book" for the best literary work for adolescents, - "Time is always good." Its authors, Andrei Zhvalevsky and Yevgenia Pasternak, moved two guys in time: Olya from 2018 to 1980, and the “Octecent” Vitya, on the contrary, to the future, and showed that with all changes in society, children remain children. So, there is a hope to instill in the child eternal values, in our case, a love of reading. Only an approach is needed.Kniguru, a Russian contest designed to find the best literature for young readers, has been held since 2010. Uniqueness of the competition: only children in the jury! All works of the finalists are publicly available on the site http: //book.rf
So many pluses
Why is fiction so important? How does it differ from newspapers, websites, operating instructions for a new phone, or information on a cereal box? Experts in this matter are unanimous: reading broadens the mind and enriches speech, develops a sense of language and imagination, not to mention that literary heroes are able to teach moral lessons, suggest what is good and what is bad. And reading the book is exciting - like nothing else. Immerse yourself in the novel, spend a lot of time with his heroes (much more than with the heroes of films or shows!), You empathize with them more. And then the book still does not let go for a long time ... But our children, who have learned to go to the potty and the Internet almost simultaneously, are able to enjoy such a measured, focused lesson? How to approach a child who says: “Reading is boring”?
LOOKING FOR AN APPROACH
One must begin, as usual, with oneself. A personal example is also needed here. Moral teachings in the spirit of "I'm at your age wow" will not help. An interesting approach to reading can be found in the book “Like a novel” by the French writer and educator Daniel Pennac. It has a lot of interesting and funny episodes, and the reader’s rights are also stated, among which are:
the right to skip pages
the right not to read a book,
the right to read anything
the right to remain silent about what has been read.
Think about the rules that apply specifically to your child. For example, Anastasia (37 years old) came up with the following argument for her sons - Sasha (10) and Artem (12): “When you read a lot, you can not cramming the spelling rules - in difficult cases, visual memory works.” It is not known whether he acted or something else, but boys quite often take books in their hands. The only thing that experts warn against is bribery. “Paying” for what you read — money or pleasure — is dangerous. “External impulses can cause great harm, destroying the thin tissue of their own internal activity of children,” - said the famous child psychologist Julia Gippenreiter.
READ NOT PROHIBITED
Many educators advise against setting a strict framework: first, let the child read everything he wants (comics, magazines), the main thing is that he gets used to the very process of turning letters into mental images, feels the joy of learning, and understands that reading can be fun. echoed and German writer of the early XX century, Hans Fallad. His whole family - parents and four children - were "drunken" readers, especially one of the sisters named Itzenplitz. Mom predicted a dark future for her daughter: she would miss everything in the world, buried in a book. But the brother defended the hobby of his sister, who grew up, by the way, as a normal person: “But Itzenplitz doesn’t know what, she always has something to tell. She takes honey from every flower that even smells bad, as her father once said. ”But nowadays, some books emit bad smells almost in reality: while parents are horrified, new works appear, to put it mildly, strange heroes. Here, for example, offhand several books: “Little book about poop”, “Little mole who wanted to know who had done it on his head” by foreign authors. And the domestic “The Poop Adventures” by Anna Suchkova with touching pictures is more like a joke book for adults, an attack on television. But all of them with one name lead the children into exuberant delight. Older children send each other a long-roaming German educational comic strip “New Dad's Wife, whose name is Robert”, where the unfortunate mother explains to a boy of about eight why their dad went to a certain uncle.
LIST OF REFERENCES
In fact, there is still high-quality and modern children's literature. Mostly small publishers are purposefully engaged in it: Pink Giraffe, CompassGuide, Scooter, Vremya, Enas Publishing Group, Melik-Pashaev and others. They skillfully fill the teenager’s shelf with worthy books - parents need only make an effort to keep track of the latest news.
"Pink Giraffe" -
- books, news, promotions and blogs.
Compass Guide -
- books for convenience are cataloged by age: 2−4, 5−7, 8−11, 12−16.
"Kick scooter" -
- books for those who are just learning to read, and those who have been doing this for several years. The best contemporary Russian and foreign authors. Classics of children's literature.
- developing literature for elementary school, children's and teenage series.
- superbly illustrated works for children.
But large book publishers today pay increased attention to books for children and adolescents. So, the international association “Living Classics” and the publishing house “Makhaon” (Publishing Group “Alphabet-Atticus”), wishing to draw the attention of children to reading, hold a contest of young readers “Living Classics”. In February, the school stage of the competition was held, it was replaced by the district, then the regional. June 1 - All-Russian final. In total, about 2 million children from 58 thousand schools in Russia took part in the competition. Mass character is not accidental: the rules of the competition allow children to submit books that they really like in a form convenient for them. You can read it by heart, by book or e-book reader. More details:
And the publishing house “Rosman” has been conducting the annual literary contest “New Children's Book” since 2009. The goal is to draw readers' attention to Russian children's and youth literature, to open up new talented authors to the general public. And it is not just words. 5 books have already been published, others are being prepared for publication. More details:
Also in 2012, Rosman announced a series of discussion events on children's literature. The magazine “DO” was invited to one of the round tables. Here are some of the views during the discussion, “New children - old books: where is literature going?”Irina Muromtseva, TV presenter: «The main problem of modern literature is an incomprehensible language, alien plots and atmosphere. That is why more and more often parents turn to modern foreign authors - they speak with the child in a language accessible to him. The language of classical fairy tales and the works of Soviet writers is very archaic ... Of course, one should not underestimate that the modern child is extremely busy, he has less free time than his parents during childhood. Nevertheless: reading is very important. While reading, the child is looking for answers to his questions. It’s also a way to be alone with yourself.».Vladimir Grammatikov, director, creative producer of Disney Russia, sees the cause of the problems of modern children's literature in the absence of communication between generations: "The writer does not understand to whom he will address his work - he knows too little about modern children and does not understand in what environment the hero should act. The problem of relevant contemporary plots is also characteristic of cinema».Andrey Usachev, children's writer: "I do not think that an electronic book or any other medium is capable of "killing" a children's book. You should not look for a threat to books and in the TV, computer or electronic readers: if children begin to read less, it’s not at all due to new technologies".Oksana Kabachek, psychologist: «Although the results of various studies conducted in our country speak in favor of the fact that interest in reading among preschoolers and primary schoolchildren is stable and does not decrease (and this is a direct merit of grandparents!), Nevertheless, there is a significant global reading crisis in connection with the formation of a new sociocultural environment. And the point here, I agree, is not in the media ... I will especially note: reading is extremely important. There is nothing to replace it. In contrast to watching a movie or broadcasts, reading, the child himself recreates the picture of the world. Reading trains and develops the ability of imaginative thinking. This process involves thinking, fantasy, speech, emotions, values - everything that makes up a person’s personality!»
According to the Rosman publishing house, at the beginning of 2012 in Russia 80% of "children's" books were accounted for by classical authors and only 20% were contemporary literature.
HOW DO I GET TO THE LIBRARY?
Can you answer this question yourself? Unfortunately, many parents believe that there is boredom and cobwebs in the corners. But this is not so! Many modern libraries live a full life: they are connected to the Internet, classes, lectures, and performances are held in them. For example, the Russian State Library for Youth has a manga studio, clubs “Play the Mafia” and jazz. Look for a place where your child will like it, "lure" once or twice, and then he himself will be drawn into it. Another sign of the times is electronic and interactive books. This is convenient: you can download a lot of things at once, easy to carry in your bag, ideal for long trips. Although, to be honest, for children and adolescents, this is also another gadget. 36-year-old Marina bought a reader for her 14-year-old daughter - and the girl began to read a lot more: “I'm not sure that the reader is replacing a multi-colored stack of books, but I know for sure that parents should find something that will attract the attention of the child.”
WORD TO PARENTS
Do your children read ordinary books? Discussion in a social network:“My read. Every evening. Although many, I know, no. But for the sake of justice, I’ll note that in our time, too, not everyone read hard. " (Janika) “The eldest daughter is reading! There is good literature today. ” (Maria) “Many friends refused TV and gadgets, and it really helped them - their children are now reading. I am still weak for such a cardinal decision. I found a compromise: I bought my reader. ” (Alexei) “The eldest reads only what she likes: fantasy, about Harry Potter. As for our childhood: yes, we read more, but there really was nothing to do. ” (Victoria) “The eldest daughter reads heavily in English. But with the books of my childhood, she did not work out. Says longing. Even Conan Doyle did not go ... I read a lot to the younger: Usachev, Kipling's stories, poems by Moritz, Brodsky, Harms. He listened to the whole “Wizard of the Emerald City”. But listening and reading are completely different things ... " (Darya) “The son reads if the iPad is taken away. Or by agreement: how much time he reads, how much he plays. ” (Tatyana) “My opinion: e-books will be replaced by paper in the future. A technique adapted for kids will appear (shockproof, waterproof, etc.), which will easily convey the colorfulness of objects in dynamics. ” (Evgeny)
Margarita Vozdvizhenskaya, a teacher of Russian language and literature, has been working at the school for over 20 years: «There were always reading children, but there were never many of them. And there are very few who read good books. As long as the parent can influence the child, his attitude to reading should be influenced. Something to limit, something to prohibit. Of course, the choice of books and genres partly depends on what is read in the family. We can assume that children themselves will outgrow literature of dubious quality and want something deep. But more often, to hide, teenagers either stop at this level of development, or even lose interest ... On the other hand, I see that with the advent of electronic media the situation has improved: it has even become fashionable to read something of their own at breaks. Maybe not all sweatryano ?! "
Books available for iPad and iPhone, in the truest sense of the word, offer a fresh look at both classical and contemporary works. These books can be read, listened to, and also played with pictures - they come to life and move from touch. Not only children will be delighted, but also (we admit) adults.
“Fly-clatter” and “Moidodyr” were created according to the tales of Korney Chukovsky, illustrations by the famous artist Evgeny Antonenkov.
“Little Red Riding Hood” - juicy pictures, animation effects, the ability to interact with characters.
“Ivan Tsarevich” is a funny and exciting tale, familiar heroes, including Vasilisa the Wise, Ivan Tsarevich, Gray Wolf, Babayaga, Ucheniy Kot and others.
"Who stole the moon?" - A fascinating book, the main character of which, like many boys, is keen on space and especially the Moon. The text is read by actor Vladimir Vdovichenkov.
Electronic versions of books and audio books are available on the following resources (you can buy, download for free, read online): • litres.ru - “LitRes”; • litportal.ru - “Literary network resource”; • lib.aldebaran.ru - “Aldebaran library "; • fenzin.org -" Fenzin "(science fiction and fantasy); • fictionbook.ru -" FictionBook library: popular books this week "; • bookz.ru -" Electronic library "; • bestlibrary.ru -" Online- library "(use of the text is allowed for personal purposes); • imobilco.ru -" Aimobilco "e-book store. There is a free section; • ozon.ru - “Online Megamarket”.
6 tips to teach your child to read
HERE IS A FEW TESTED Tricks TO TURN A CHILD INTO AN INAPPENDANT READER.
1. Read it yourself. The more you yourself will enjoy the books, the more often you discuss them with your husband and friends, the more likely the child will repeat your behavior.
2. Stay tuned for new books to appear in your home that might interest your child. Update stocks, browse thematic sites in search of interesting book novelties. There is a choice today!
3. Subscribe your child to the magazine: about cars, computers, animals - choose the right one with him. The magazine does not look as intimidating as the book: it has more pictures, articles are short.In addition, children are attracted by regularity; they like to wait every month for a new portion of pleasure.
4. Attend book events. Book exhibitions, contests, and fairs are held several times a year in Moscow and other large cities. Seek, participate! 5. Relive the school curriculum. Tell in advance something interesting and unusual about those writers or about those books that the child has yet to study, go to a performance based on a classic play - then compulsory works will provoke a more lively response from the teenager.
6. Spend time together. Sometimes children, even those that are already taller than their mother’s head, just need attention. Raid a bookstore, and then, in a cafe, over a cup of latte, talk about your purchases, consider them. If the child is already old enough, read the same book together, then discuss it - this is a great way not only to captivate with reading, but also to chat with the teenager.