50 ideas how to make this world cleaner
Considering what noise is now rising in the press when reporting the appearance of an oil slick or leak of a toxic substance, it is difficult to believe that until recently such incidents often remained unknown to the public.
Perhaps, the story of the American chemist Thomas Midley Jr. can be considered very revealing. In the 20s of the last century, he became interested in the problem of engine vibration, and soon solved it by turning gasoline into leaded. Translated into human language, this means that a highly toxic substance, lead, which easily entered the atmosphere, began to be added to the fuel. However, this evil genius did not particularly care. And several influential companies behind the extremely profitable production of this gasoline have long blocked the leak of information about its potential danger. So long that in the USA it was completely banned only in 1986. And the introduction of this ban was the merit of Claire Patterson. This is the second protagonist of the story. Good hero.
In 1948, the geologist Patterson began writing a doctorate on determining the age of the Earth and quickly came across a third-party, but very curious fact: a significant difference in the content of lead in the atmosphere before and after the 1920s. Why?
Claire spent the rest of his life trying to get the authorities to pass a law banning the use of leaded gasoline. Despite obvious evidence of the harm of lead to the planet and human health, it took the scientist nearly 30 years to achieve his goal. But they were worth it.
The most accurate countries in recent years have been the following countries: Switzerland, Iceland, Sweden and Norway.
Up to 96% of materials are handed over by the population for processing, pesticides are not even close to the famous alpine meadows, industrial deforestation is prohibited. A few "dirty" production are subject to hellish tax.
became the first country in the world to use a tidal wave to generate commercially competitive energy. In an effort to help the government, ordinary Norwegians in everyday life are very careful about nature. Moreover, they just have to look around to understand what all these green initiatives are for: local fjords and lakes rightfully belong to the most beautiful places on the planet.
urges citizens to abandon personal cars, so public transport, albeit not cheap, works like a clock here, providing passengers with a “green” alternative. Popular in the country and bicycles. In addition, responsible Swedes sort the garbage and actively use eco-bags.
wants to slow down (or rather stop) global warming. For the sake of this, the country has learned to use what literally lies beneath their feet - a volcano. Almost all of the energy is generated in special plants built over particularly powerful keys full of hot water or steam, and absolutely all of the electricity comes from renewable sources! In addition, the volcano provides the island with inexhaustible reserves of hydrogen, which led to the development of special vehicles and related fuel.
Fines and penalties in a society concerned about environmental issues:
- In the UK, a court may sentence you to a fine of up to 2,500 pounds for a piece of paper thrown out of the ballot box.
-in Holland, a can of cola in a store costs 5 euros, but if you throw an empty can on the street (and you get caught on this), quenching thirst will cost almost 100 euros.
- In California, they will be asked to pay $ 100 for such an offense.
- And in the state of Washington they were especially guilty of sloppy smokers: for a cigarette butt flying past a garbage can - much less an extinguished one - one can become impoverished by $ 1,000.
Scientifically proven: communication with nature enhances human mental abilities. Inhalation of air polluted by exhaust gases reduces the intelligence coefficient by an average of 3.4 points.
The task of parents is to instill in children love and respect for nature.
Do not bully your child with wind, cold and germs. Nature is his friend and brother! “An integral part of you, and you are her,” - if this idea becomes an important motive for your conversations with the child, it will be quite easy to teach him not to litter on the street, feed the birds and water the flowers.
Among children's books should be publications about animals, plants and interesting natural phenomena. But there is nothing better than the stories of parents. Especially about his childhood and experience of exploring nature.
It is in childhood, when the energy of a child beats a fountain, it must be directed into a creative and creative channel. And communication with nature provides endless possibilities for this. How many impressions will give a flashlight, binoculars and a telescope! A separate topic is family trips to the forest or to the river. Not a single movie theater can replace this.
The film will be forgotten, and memories of fishing with the whole family - never!
GREEN TIPS EVERY DAY
Try not to take excess plastic bags in the store, and use existing homes repeatedly. As a rule, they can be reused 3-4 times.
USE PAPER PACKAGES and boxes, bags of cotton or made from recycled materials.
IN THE SUPERMARKETWhen weighing large fruits and vegetables, stick a paper sticker with the weight and price directly on the purchase. The sticker can be stuck on a pumpkin, forks of cabbage, a bunch of bananas, pomegranates, pomelo, melon, watermelon.
REFUSE DISPOSED TABLEWARE, especially since it harms your health. German scientists conducted an experiment by pouring water into a plastic glass. After some time, it was discovered not water, but ... a chemical solution.
DO NOT BUY PVC PRODUCTS. The floors can be covered with wood or rubber linoleum, plastic windows can be replaced with wooden or aluminum, pipes with copper or steel, vinyl wallpapers with paper.
AVOID PURCHASING DISPOSABLE ITEMS: shaving machines, lighters, pens, unnecessary souvenirs, as well as goods packed in individual plastic or paper containers “for beauty”.
About 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed annually for paper production, which is approximately equal to the area of Greece. To reduce unnecessary document printing and promote the need for economical use of paper, WWF has developed a “green” file format that does not allow printing documents. Thus contributing to the conservation of forests in the world. Decide for yourself which files you don’t have to send to the printer, and save them in wwf format (more:
Turn off the water yourself (and teach children to do this) when brushing your teeth. Leaving the tap open for the recommended 2 minutes of cleaning, up to 5 liters of water per day runs off to nowhere.
If the thought of a regular shower timer oppresses; get a waterproof radio. Hint: an ordinary morning shower should occupy no more than three songs, all that is beyond this is pampering. By the way, it is also useful for brushing your teeth: one composition is ready.
Buy a beautiful reusable thermos or a mug with a lid - some coffee houses give discounts to those who come to them with their own packaging.
If water leaks in the toilet, then this trickle alone takes away hundreds of liters of fresh water per day!
• MACHINES LEFT IN STAND-BY MODE still consume electricity. And this is not only natural resources, but also money. Even mobile phone chargers forgotten in sockets are a source of unnecessary costs.
• IF YOU ARE LAZY TO TURN OFF THE COMPUTER AT NIGHT, set a timer in the settings: let the laptop fall asleep at the same time as you. Anyway, no one was able to dream and check mail at the same time.
• BOIL IN THE ELECTRIC KETTLE AS MUCH OF WATER as you plan to use: make one cup or a liter teapot. Considering the cost of one kilowatt of electricity, this habit is useful not only for the environment, but also for your wallet.
Give up notebooks, notes and pieces of paper. Make all the lists on your mobile phone, iPhone or iPad. There are many dozens of applications that allow you to do this, and some of them are even ready to remind you to buy milk as soon as you enter the supermarket.
On an office printer check the box "print on both sides." And colleagues who regularly fill out visa applications will thank you so much.
Buy green paperwhich is created from recycled materials. A month of using such paper is a saved tree! Pay attention to environmentally friendly office supplies - they consist of 75% of industrial waste (corn, sugarcane and more). They do not contain toxic substances and are safe even for the smallest. In some stores (for example, Komus) there are even special departments where similar developments are collected.
On average, a person uses a plastic bag for no more than 12 minutes. The collapse of this product takes almost 400 years! It concerns also clothes from synthetics.
• About 150 million tons of synthetic plastic are produced annually in the world, from which a wide range of products is made: from a plastic bag to dentures.
• A lot of waste is concentrated in the oceans. For every 2.5 km² of surface there are 48 thousand plastic items. They cause the death of birds, fish and other living organisms.
• According to a Dutch study, 95% of seabirds living in the North Sea have various plastic residues in their stomachs. It was also estimated that 80% of the plastic fell into the sea from land.
• A fifth of the debris floating in the Pacific - from soccer balls and kayaks to children's designer blocks and plastic bags - is what is thrown from ships and oil platforms.
GIVE AND TAKE!
A person needs to spend about 250 hours annually “communicating” with nature and trees. Going for a walk, remember that some trees give energy to a person, while others, on the contrary, take away. According to the researchers, for 50% of people the “giving” tree is oak, for 30% - birch. The energy is taken aspen, alder, poplar. Both types of trees are necessary for healing: you should only touch healthy and strong plants, with straight trunks.
Orange peels can decompose up to two years. What can we say about plastic bags!